ECOLAB > Pages profils > Schmeller Dirk S.

Profil de Dirk S. Schmeller

Prof. Dr. Dirk S. Schmeller

Email : dirk.schmellerSPAMFILTER@ensat.fr

Téléphone / phone: + 33 (0)5 34 32 39 38

Bureau / office : 1231 ENSAT, 207 UPS

Institution : INPT

Statut / status: Enseignant chercheur

Adresse professionnelle / address:

ÉCOLE NATIONALE SUPÉRIEURE AGRONOMIQUE DE TOULOUSE
Axa-Chair of Excellence Functional Mountain Ecology
Avenue de l'Agrobiopole - BP 32607 - 31326 Castanet-Tolosan Cedex
Membre de l’Université de Toulouse
France

mobile: +33 698 67 80 77
twitter: @dsschmeller
web: dirk.die-schmellers.de

Site perso / personal website :
my homepage for latest news

Major academic appointments

  • Since May 2019: Axa Chair for Functional Mountain Ecology at the École Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse
  • Since June 2017: Professor for Conservation Biology, Zentrum für Fernstudien und Universitäre Weiterbildung of the University Koblenz-Landau
  • December 2012 - October 2018: Senior Researcher at the Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department Conservation Biology.
  • Since April 2014: Leader of GEO BON working group on terrestrial species monitoring and member of the Implementation committee of GEO BON (GEO BON member since 2009).
  • April 2016, September - October 2013, February 2012: Guest professor at the Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University.
  • August 2007-November 2012: CNRS Researcher at the Station d'Ecologie Experimentale du CNRS, Moulis, France.
  • August 2005 - April 2008: Coordinator of the FP6 EuMon-Project at the Helmholtz Center of Environmental Research (UFZ) Halle - Leipzig, Department Conservation Biology.
  • July 2005 - August 2006: EGIDE-Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Angers, Department of Zoology, Division of Animal Ecology.
  • June 2002 - July 2005: Postdoctoral fellow (Alexander-v.-Humboldt/Academy of Finland scholarship; KONE-scholarship) at the University of Helsinki, Department of Ecology and Systematics, Division of Population biology.
  • March 2002 - May 2002: Marie Curie-scholarship at the University of Jyväskylä, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Evolutionary Ecology.
  • May 2000 - February 2002: Assistant professor at the Faculty of Biology, Department of Nature Conservation, University of Marburg.
  • February 1996 - April 2000: Scientific assistant at the Chair of Ecology, Department of Zoology V, University of Mainz.

Comment décrire et mesurer la biodiversité ? Dans quels habitats trouvons-nous quelles espèces et pourquoi ? La présence d'espèces est-elle liée à leur constitution génétique ou déterminée par l'environnement abiotique, les interactions entre différents organismes ou une combinaison de ces facteurs ? Comment la complexité de la biodiversité et des interactions et processus qu'elle recouvre peut-elle être communiquée à une communauté non universitaire ? Les recherches que j'ai menées au fil des ans, et plus encore ces dernières années, ont toujours circulé autour de ces questions centrales. J'ai donc étudié les interactions interspécifiques chez les grenouilles aquatiques hybridogénétiques au niveau génétique (Schmeller et al. 2005) et j'ai lié l'écologie et la génétique dans ce complexe d'espèces (Schmeller 2004). Mes axes de recherche actuels portent sur la surveillance de la biodiversité à l'échelle européenne et mondiale, ainsi que sur l'interaction entre les différents hôtes amphibiens, le pathogène Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, les espèces planctoniques et l'environnement.

How can we describe and measure biodiversity? In which habitats do we find which species and why? Is the occurrence of species linked to their genetic make-up or determined by the abiotic environment, the interactions between different organisms or a combination of these factors? How can the complexity of biodiversity and the interactions and processes it comprises be communicated to a non-academic community? The research I conducted over the years and more so in recent years has always circulated around these central questions. I therefore studied interspecies interactions in hybridogenetic water frogs on a genetic level (Schmeller et al. 2005) and tied-up the ecology and genetics in this species complex (Schmeller 2004). My current research axes focus on biodiversity monitoring on European and global scales, as well as on the interaction between different amphibian hosts, the pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, planktonic species, and the environment.

PI of the project GLOMEC

PI of the project P³ (p3mountains.org)

Main/Recent publications

  1. Frenken, T., Agha, R., Schmeller, D.S., van West, P., Wolinska, J. (2019, in press) Biological Concepts for the Control of Aquatic Zoosporic Diseases. Trends in Parasitology. DOI
  2. Jetz, W., McGeoch, M.A., Guralnick, R., Ferrier, S., Beck, J., Costello, M.J., Fernandez, M., Geller, G.N., Keil, P., Merow, C., Meyer, C., Muller-Karger, F.E., Pereira, H.M., Regan, E.C., Schmeller, D.S., Turak, E. (2019) Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. Nature Ecology & Evolution. DOI
  3. Beukema, W., Martel, A., Nguyen, T.T., Goka, K., Schmeller, D.S. , Yuan, Z., Laking, A.E., Nguyen, T.Q., Lin, C.-F., Shelton, J., Loyau, A. & Pasmans, F. (2018) Environmental context and differences between native and invasive observed niches of Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans affect invasion risk assessments in the Western Palaearctic. Diversity and Distributions 24(12): 1788-1801 .
  4. Valbuena-Ureña, E., Oromi, N., Soler-Membrives, A., Carranza, S., Amat, F., Camarasa, S., Denoël, M., Guillaume, O., Sanuy, D., Loyau, A., Schmeller, D.S. & Steinfartz, S. (2018) Jailed in the mountains: Genetic diversity and structure of an endemic newt species across the Pyrenees. PLOS ONE 13: e0200214.
  5. Bridgewater, P. and Schmeller, D.S. (2018) IPBES-6: the best plenary yet? Biodiversity and Conservation 27 (11): 2777–2782.
  6. Wetzel, F.T., Schmeller, D.S. , Bingham, H.C., Groom, Q., Haase, P., Kõljalg, U., Kuhlmann, M., Martin, C.S., Penev, L., Robertson, T., Saarenmaa, H., Stoll, S., Tonkin, J.D. & Häuser, C.L. (2018) Real gaps in European bird monitoring: A reply to Voříšek et al. Biological Conservation 225: 247-248.
  7. Fisher M.C., Ghosh P., Shelton J.M.G., Bates K., Brookes L., Wierzbicki C., Rosa G.M., Farrer R.A., Aanensen D.M., Alvarado-Rybak M., Bataille A., Berger L., Böll S., Bosch J., Clare F.C., A. Courtois E., Crottini A., Cunningham A.A., Doherty-Bone T.M., Gebresenbet F., Gower D.J., Höglund J., James T.Y., Jenkinson T.S., Kosch T.A., Lambertini C., Laurila A., Lin C.-F., Loyau A., Martel A., Meurling S., Miaud C., Minting P., Ndriantsoa S., O’Hanlon S.J., Pasmans F., Rakotonanahary T., Rabemananjara F.C.E., Ribeiro L.P., Schmeller D.S. , Schmidt B.R., Skerratt L., Smith F., Soto-Azat C., Tessa G., Toledo L.F., Valenzuela-Sánchez A., Verster R., Vörös J., Waldman B., Webb R.J., Weldon C., Wombwell E., Zamudio K.R., Longcore J.E., Garner T.W.J. (2018) Development and worldwide use of non-lethal, and minimal population-level impact, protocols for the isolation of amphibian chytrid fungi. Scientific Reports 8: 7772.
  8. O’Hanlon S.J., Rieux A., Farrer R.A., Rosa G.M., Waldman B., Bataille A., Kosch T.A., Murray K.A., Brankovics B., Fumagalli M., Martin M.D., Wales N., Alvarado-Rybak M., Bates K.A., Berger L., Böll S., Brookes L., Clare F., Courtois E.A., Cunningham A.A., Doherty-Bone T.M., Ghosh P., Gower D.J., Hintz W.E., Höglund J., Jenkinson T.S., Lin C.-F., Laurila A., Loyau A., Martel A., Meurling S., Miaud C., Minting P., Pasmans F., Schmeller D.S. , Schmidt B.R., Shelton J.M.G., Skerratt L.F., Smith F., Soto-Azat C., Spagnoletti M., Tessa G., Toledo L.F., Valenzuela-Sánchez A., Verster R., Vörös J., Webb R.J., Wierzbicki C., Wombwell E., Zamudio K.R., Aanensen D.M., James T.Y., Gilbert M.T.P., Weldon C., Bosch J., Balloux F., Garner T.W.J., Fisher M.C. (2018) Recent Asian origin of chytrid fungi causing global amphibian declines. Science 360: 621-627.
  9. Wetzel F.T., Bingham H.C., Groom Q., Haase P., Kõljalg U., Kuhlmann M., Martin C.S., Penev L., Robertson T., Saarenmaa H., Schmeller D.S. , Stoll S., Tonkin J.D., Häuser C.L. (2018) Unlocking biodiversity data: Prioritization and filling the gaps in biodiversity observation data in Europe. Biological Conservation 221: 78-85.
  10. Kissling W.D., Ahumada J.A., Bowser A., Fernandez M.J., Fernandez N., García E.A., Guralnick R.P., Isaac N.J.B., Kelling S., Los W., McRae L., Mihoub J.B., Obst M., Santamaria M., Skidmore A.K., Williams K.J., Agosti D., Amariles D., Arvanitidis C., Bastin L., De Leo F., Egloff W., Elith J., Hobern D., Martin D., Pereira H.M., Pesole G., Peterseil J., Saarenmaa H., Schigel D., Schmeller D.S. , Segata N., Turak E., Uhlir P., Wee B., Hardisty A.R. (2018). Building essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) of species distribution and abundance at a global scale. Biological Reviews 93 (1): 600 - 625.
  11. Schmeller, D.S., Weatherdon, L.V., Loyau, A., Bondeau, A., Brotons, L., Brummitt, N., Geijzendorffer, I.R., Haase, P., Kuemmerlen, M., Martin, C.S., Mihoub, J. B., Rocchini, D., Saarenmaa, H., Stoll, S., Regan, E.C. (2018). A suite of essential biodiversity variables for detecting critical biodiversity change. Biological Reviews 93 (1): 55 - 71.
  12. Schmeller, D.S., Loyau, A., Bao, K., Brack, W., Chatzinotas, A., De Vleeschouwer, F., Friesen, J., Gandois, L., Hansson, S.V., Haver, M., Le Roux, G., Shen, J., Teisserenc, R., Vredenburg, V.T., (2018). People, pollution and pathogens - global change impacts in mountain freshwater ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment 622–623: 756-763.  and
  13. Lengyel S., Kosztyi B., Schmeller D.S. , Henry P.Y., Kotarac M., Lin Y.P., Henle K., (2018). Evaluating and benchmarking biodiversity monitoring: Metadata-based indicators for sampling design, sampling effort and data analysis. Ecological Indicators 85: 624–633.
  14. Lin Y.-P., Lin W.-C., Anthony J., Ding T.-S., Mihoub J.-B., Henle K., Schmeller D.S. (2018). Assessing uncertainty and performance of ensemble conservation planning strategies. Landscape and Urban Planning 169: 57-69.

Links

Google Scholar

Research Gate

Web of Science ResearcherID F-4324-2010

ORCID  0000-0002-3860-9933

P³ - People, Pollution and Pathogens

The P3 project does conduct ecological research and policy relevant actions on pollution, pathogens and anthropological impacts in mountain ecosystems, especially at the interface of aquatic and terrestrial habitats and in the socio-ecological system. The research is conducted in four mountain ranges: the Pyrenees (France), Dhofar Mountains (Oman), Sierra Nevada (USA) and the Great Hinggan Mountain (China). The mountain ranges proposed to be studied in P3 are on different continents with shared characteristics, but also with differences allowing for the analysis of the different societal and ecological contexts, which will be studied along altitudinal gradients. P3 will augment, align and focus research strands already ongoing in the institutions of P3 partners. The principal aim of P3 is to understand the impact of climate change on mountain watersheds and the risks for stakeholders and the general public.

P³Logo

Website

DSC_2177

GloMEC - Global change in mountain ecosystems

Mountain ecosystems and the services they provide to society face multiple threats arising from global change and its interactions with socio-cultural, economic and political developments. In particular, high-altitude mountain freshwater ecosystems have been, and will continue to be, severely impacted by global change, threatening the livelihood of more than 50% of the human population. For example species that occur in mountain ranges are experiencing distributional shifts, habitat loss, and extinctions, which are predicted to increase worldwide. We now urgently need estimates of global change impacts for mountain ranges and their biodiversity to better understand the degree of threat to human well-being and wildlife, and to be able to predict future impacts on ecosystem health and risks for the human society (main AXA Cluster: Climate and Environment).

GloMEC_Logo

Future climate projections and both past and current observations clearly indicate that freshwater resources are vulnerable and have the potential to be strongly impacted by climate change. Climate and global change will favor chemical pollution in mountain freshwater ecosystems through meterological processes working over long-distances and carrying pollutants from lowlands to high altitudes. Climate change may further destabilize ecosystems through extreme events (drouts, floods, warm winters, cold summers), allowing human and wild pathogens to proliferate. A serious reduction in the availabilty of water of good quality will be the result. Without clean water, risks for human disease will become more and more serious. Due to such unfavorable impacts on mountain freshwater systems, population growth, economic activity, land-use and urbanization will be negatively affected. Despite the importance of freshwater for human society, studies on the relationship between global change, pollution and pathogens remain scarce, not allowing to assess risks for ecosystem and human health. Especially pathogens and parasites must be recognized as important stressors in freshwater ecosystems, as they can cause system-wide depletion of key biological elements. Pathogen-induced changes directly influence communities, ecosystems, landscapes, and human activity. Such changes will lead to a deterioration of ecosystem functioning and ecosystem service provision to human society (e.g. clean water, food, wood, and recreation).

Afficher le pied de page